Mar 26, · El expresidente de México Ernesto Zedillo participa en el encuentro internacional de directivos de Iberdrola. 26 mar, ; Galán destaca el papel del . Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de León (Ciudad de México, 27 de diciembre de ) es un economista y político mexicano. Fue presidente de México desde el 1 de diciembre de hasta el 30 de noviembre de , como el último de la línea ininterrumpida de 71 años de presidentes del Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI).. Durante su presidencia, enfrentó una de las peores crisis económica. ERNESTO ZEDILLO PONCE DE LEON Texto de la intervenci on del Dr. Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de Le on, Secretario de Educaci on Publica, en la ceremonia de clausura en M erida, el 30 de abril de Es un honor acompanar~ a los senores~ rectores de las universidades y .
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Consultado el 15 de febrero de Consultado el 5 de diciembre de Consultado el 2 de diciembre de Vistas Leer Editar Ver historial. Wikimedia Commons Wikisource. Gabinete de Ernesto Zedillo. Carlos Salinas de Gortari. Vicente Fox.
Manuel Bartlett. Fernando Solana. Pedro Aspe. Rogelio Gasca Neri. New Haven , Connecticut. Partido Revolucionario Institucional. Nilda Patricia Velasco matr. Predecesor: Carlos Salinas de Gortari. Presidente de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos - Sucesor: Vicente Fox Quesada. Predecesor: Luis Donaldo Colosio Murrieta. Increasingly there was the impression that Salinas would reverse his decision for Colosio, substituting someone else, perhaps Manuel Camacho.
Salinas made a public statement on 17 January , affirming his choice as candidate, but this was at the insistence of Colosio. Salinas extracted a pledge from Camacho that he had no designs on the presidency, which he renounced the day before Colosio's assassination in Tijuana 23 March Zedillo had been Secretary of Education, a relatively unimportant ministry; he had resigned to run the campaign of Colosio. Zedillo had never held elective office, sharing that trait with De la Madrid and Salinas, but Zedillo was not otherwise experienced politically.
He was perceived as a weak candidate. After considering whether to postpone the general election scheduled for 21 August , Salinas chose Zedillo to run as the PRI candidate for the presidency and the elections took place as scheduled. Zedillo won a clear victory, in what were considered by foreign observers as free and fair. The murder was not solved during Salinas's presidency, even when Mario Ruiz Massieu Francisco's brother was the attorney general and in charge of the investigation.
The economic bubble gave Mexico a prosperity not seen in a generation. This period of rapid growth coupled with low inflation prompted some political thinkers and the media to state that Mexico was on the verge of becoming a "First World nation". It was known that the peso was overvalued, but the extent of the Mexican economy's vulnerability was either not well known or downplayed by both the Salinas administration and the media.
Several economists and historians have analyzed some of the events and policy mistakes that precipitated the crisis of December This budget deficit was coupled with a current account deficit, fueled by excessive consumer spending as allowed by the overvalued peso.
In order to finance this deficit, the Salinas administration issued tesobonos , an attractive debt instrument that insured payment in dollars instead of pesos. The economically orthodox thing to do, in order to maintain the fixed exchange rate at 3. This, in turn, caused an even more dramatic decline in the dollar reserves.
These decisions aggravated the already delicate situation, to a point at which a crisis became inevitable and devaluation was only one of many necessary adjustments. This measure, however, was not enough, and the government was unable to hold this line, and decided to let the exchange rate float.
While experts agree that devaluation was necessary, some critics of Zedillo's day-old administration argue that, although economically coherent, the way the crisis was handled was a political mistake. By having announced its plans for devaluation, they argue that many foreigners withdrew their investments, thus aggravating the effects. Mexican businesses with debts to be paid in dollars, or that relied on supplies bought from the United States, suffered an immediate hit, with mass industrial lay-offs and several suicides.
Salinas faced widespread criticism in Mexico. He was widely blamed for the collapse of the economy and his privatization of several government-run businesses such as Telmex. He then argued that he had talked to Zedillo of a possibility of "sharing the burden" of the devaluation by allowing the peso to devaluate a certain percent before his term was over, and the rest of the necessary devaluation would have been done during Zedillo's administration.
Initially the Zedillo administration followed Salinas's policies regarding the negotiations with the Zapatistas, pledging to reach a peaceful resolution to the Chiapas crisis.
He abandoned that unsuccessful strategy and peace talks were subsequently re-established. Zedillo's zigzag policies in Chiapas were consistent with some others of his administration. Ernesto Zedillo had been an accidental presidential candidate who had no political experience or independent base of power.
After the arrest of his brother, Salinas went on television, expressing his outrage at Zedillo. In the broadcast he placed the blame for the December peso crisis on Zedillo, resulting in the loss of Mexican jobs, bankruptcies, and the tarnishing of Mexico's image.
Salinas abandoned his campaign -which had been backed by the United States- to become the Director-General of the World Trade Organization and left Mexico City, going to Monterrey where he staged a publicized hunger strike in the home of a PRI supporter.
Salinas demanded that the government issue a statement clearing him of responsibility for the Colosio case and the December 20 devaluation. Salinas returned to Mexico City and he and Zedillo met. Zedillo's government issued a statement absolving Salinas of the Colosio murder and tempered his criticism of Salinas in the peso crisis. Salinas's reputation was to be further clouded by a series of controversies involving close family members. A report by the U.
The Salinas family would not receive back any of the frozen funds. S court of being connected to drug dealing by a convicted Mexican trafficker, Magdalena Ruiz Pelayo; the senior Salinas denied the charges. That same year he married his second wife, Ana Paula Gerard. The case remains unsolved. As of May , Salinas was still living in Dublin , Ireland.
Salinas also attended his son's civil wedding in Mexico City and promised to attend the subsequent religious wedding in late September. Salinas returned to Mexico in the late s and has continued to influence Mexican politics since then. Bush's funeral. Salinas de Gortari remains a highly controversial figure in Mexican history. Season 2 episode 6 depicts two young boys playing war and shooting a maid and episodes 7 and 8 depict the Mexican Presidential election.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In this Spanish name , the first or paternal surname is Salinas and the second or maternal family name is de Gortari. Cecilia Occelli. Ana Paula Gerard. Main article: Mexican general election. Main article: Mexican Drug War.
Main article: Zapatista Army of National Liberation. Further information: Mexican general election. See also: economic crisis in Mexico. Mexico portal Biography portal. Mexican Political Biographies, — 3 ed. University of Texas Press. Retrieved November 13, Retrieved August 5, New York: The New Press , p. Archived from the original on January 1, Retrieved December 17, BYU Law Review , , issue 2.
Article 6. The Heritage Foundation. Retrieved March 6, Washington Post. Washington Post Foreign Service. Cengage Learning Editores. January 8, Retrieved May 19, The Economist.
December 29, Retrieved July 8, September 19, Archived from the original on April 10, Retrieved July 27, Retrieved August 4, Sin querer queriendo in Spanish. Retrieved December 29, Cuna de Grillos. April 3, Archived from the original on October 25, Retrieved June 10, New York: HarperCollins , p. Retrieved April 19, Archived from the original PDF on October 3, Retrieved Noticieros Televisa. Archived from the original on August 5, Archived from the original on April 11, The New York Times.
Retrieved September 25, Journal of Church and State Autumn , Vol. Article 6, fn. JSTOR, www. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn , p. LaJolla: Center for U. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn , pp. Retrieved December 2, Archived from the original on August 25, She attempted suicide when she was a teenager. The suicide rate among men between the ages of 16 and 25 has risen alarmingly.
Many suicides occur in prisons". Cambridge Dictionary. Fitzroy Dearborn p. April 11, Retrieved December 3, Boston: Little Brown and Company , p. June 18, Retrieved February 16, June 10,